Crystal Names – Kids’ Science Experiment

This easy-peasy, low-cost kids’ science experiment uses borax to grow crystal names. All kiddos will love seeing their name shimmer and sparkle in the sunlight!

Crystal names are one of our favorite science experiments EVER.

Follow the simple step-by-step below and then grab 30 more easy-to-follow science experiments kids will beg to repeat (plus a no prep science journal to keep track of their results!) in our shop or on Teachers Pay Teachers!

Even though my 5 year-old can easily write her name, she never tires of seeing it, especially when it sparkles and glistens.

We decided to use the same technique used to make crystal snowflakes using borax, a common household laundry product, to make crystal names.  The results were gorgeous and soon everyone in the family wanted their names in crystal too!

Uber cool! Make crystal names.

Getting Ready

To prep for this science activity, I gathered a few supplies:

  • Pipe cleaners
  • Fishing line (twine or yarn will work too_
  • Pencils or wooden skewers
  • Scissors
  • Glasses or plastic container {one for each color}
  • A container large enough to hold your name (if doing your name as a single piece written in cursive)
  • Borax
  • Food coloring (optional, if you want colored letters you can dye the borax solution or use colored pipe cleaners)
  • Liquid measuring cup
  • Tablespoon
  • Heat safe mixing bowl

Shaping the Crystal Names

Once I gathered all my supplies, I called my daughter, A, over and explained that we were going to make the letters of her name and then grow crystals on them.

I had her take white pipe cleaners and use them to form the letters of her name.

I showed her the plastic container we were going to use to suspend the pipe cleaner letter in and explained that the letter had to fit in the container without touching any sides.

Super awesome name activity for kids. Make crystal names!!

I wanted A to work on noticing what lines and curves made up each individual letter, so I intentionally had her form the letters one by one.

(Older children could connect a few pipe cleaners to form their name in cursive, making this activity even easier.)

Once formed, we used fishing line to suspend each letter a few inches from wooden skewers.

Crystal Names

Making the Solution

While A finished making her letters, I began heating a large pot of water.

I knew my 5 year-old would want to do the measuring and mixing, so I made sure the water was as hot as possible to help dissolve the borax quickly, without being hot enough to scald her.

A decided she wanted to make each letter a different color, so I set out 5 quart sized plastic containers and had A measure out 3 tablespoons of borax per cup of hot water (we used 9 tablespoons per container).DSC_0645

Once all the borax was measured, I poured 3 cups of almost boiling water into each of the 5 containers.

A, armed with a long wooden spoon, mixed each container until the borax dissolved.  She felt like a real scientist in this kids’ science experiment!

Next, she added several drops of food coloring to every container and carefully lowered each letter into the color of choice.

DSC_0687

Waiting for the Crystals

Next came the hardest part of the kids’ science experiment – waiting!

I put the containers on a shelf and let them sit overnight where they wouldn’t be disturbed by curious hands.

After a couple hours, we saw some changes – mostly crystals forming on the sides of the container and also settling onto the bottom.

It was difficult to see what was happening to the pipe cleaners through the dark food coloring solution.

Brilliant! Make crystal letters in a jar. Such a fun way to help kids learn their name.

A and her little brother Q couldn’t wait to see how each of their names turned out and spent nearly an hour touching, arranging, and holding their letters up to the windows to see the crystals sparkle.

Once they were finished exploring their glistening letters, I carefully taped each child’s name up in a sunny window so they could be admired in all their sparkling glory.  This kids’ science experiment was fun because it was so personal!

Super cool science for kids! Make crystal names!!

The Science Behind It

When borax is dissolved in water a suspension is created. A suspension is a mixture that has solid particles (the borax) that are large enough for sedimentation (settling out).

As the borax begins to settle, it starts to crystalize on all the surfaces it comes in contact with – including the pipe cleaner letters.

As the borax continues to settle out, it builds crystals on top of other borax crystals creating a thick layer.

More Kids’ Science Experiments

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111 Comments

  1. Suzanne

    This is such a cute idea! Kind of a cross between science and a craft project! What a great way to get kids invested!

    Reply
  2. Vanessa

    Thanks for sharing! Does the crystal keep very long afterwards?

    Reply

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Hi, I’m Malia.

I LOVE helping Pre-K, Kindergarten and First Grade teachers save time, stay inspired and give EVERY student bigger results. I’m so glad you’re here!