Have you ever noticed that when ED is added to the end of a word, it can sound like /ed/, /d/ or even /t/? When we teach ED, it’s important that we introduce students to all three sounds (and explain the difference!) so they always know how to read and spell them.
Learn how to teach ED below and then request an invite to my four work training called The Reading Roadmap so you can dive deeper into even MORE game changing teaching strategies and tools!
Brainstorming ED Words
Whenever I introduce a new phonics rule, I always like to start by brainstorming as many words as we can think of that include it.
In this case, as we’re brainstorming, it’s helpful to organize the ED words into three different groups (D, ED and T) because those are the sounds ED can make when it’s added to the end.
Once we’ve come up with a nice, long list, it’s time to teach students when ED makes each sound so that they can predict it.
Voice vs. Voiceless Sounds
Before we go any further, let’s take a quick pause so we can chat about the difference between voiced and voiceless sounds.
Voiced sounds are made with our vocal cords so we can feel the vibration when we touch our throat and say them. Consonant sounds like D, N, R and G are all voiced.
Voiceless sounds, on the other hand, are not made with vocal cards so we won’t feel a vibration in our throat when we say them. P, K, SH and X are all voiceless.
This differentiation is important because it’s going to help us pinpoint the sound ED will make when we add it to the end of words…
How to Teach ED
If the last consonant in a word is voiced, ED will sound like /d/ when we add it to the end.
For instance, since /L/ is voiced and it is the last consonant at the end of the word “call”, we know that the ED in “called” is going to sound like /d/.
If the last consonant in a word is voiceless, on the other hand, ED will sound like /t/ when we add it to the end. “Wash”, for example, ends in /sh/. Since that sound is voiceless, we know that ED in the word “washed” is going to sound like /t/.
And then that /id/ sound is made when the word ends in either T or D.
That’s it! That’s the rundown.
To help you keep everything straight, here’s a helpful infographic for you to pin or bookmark:
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